SBIR Award: Integrated BioTherapeutics

SBIR Award: Integrated BioTherapeutics to Create Therapeutic Multi-Specific Antibodies Using Technology from Zyngenia

Integrated Biotherapeutics (IBT) has been awarded a Phase I Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a division of the NIH, entitled Multi-specific Antibody Therapy by Targeting S. aureus Toxins and Polysaccharides. The company will receive nearly $600,000 for work to take place over the next two years under principal investigator Dr. M. Javad Aman, President and CSO of IBT.

The pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is dependent on many virulence factors. Among them are cell surface proteins and polysaccharides, and secreted toxins that cause tissue damage, promote bacterial dissemination in distant organs, and enable the pathogen to evade the host innate immune response. Several vaccine and therapeutic candidates that target individual virulence factors have been tested with little success, highlighting the need for a multi-faceted approach. This grant is a collaborative effort between Zyngenia and IBT to address this need. Zyngenia is able to engineer a single molecule therapeutic that has the desired properties of a mAb but is able to simultaneously target several known mediators of a disease. By using IBT's S. aureus antibodies with Zyngenia's platform technology the collaboration aims to generate multispecific antibodies called Zybodies(TM). Zybodies will be constructed to target one cell-associated virulence factor along with two soluble toxins.

"Zyngenia is very excited to be working with IBT in the development of multi-specific antibody-based drugs for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant infections," said Dr. David Hilbert, Zyngenia's Chief Scientific Officer and principle investigator on the Subcontract. "IBT's expertise in bacterial pathogens complements our proprietary Zybody(TM) platform in a clinical area with great unmet medical need. "

"This approach could mitigate some of the unique challenges to treating Staph infections that the current standard of care of antibiotics does not address, namely the effect of bacterial toxins on the host", said Dr. Aman.

If successful, IBT would apply for a subsequent Phase II SBIR that would fund humanization and optimization of the Zybodies, expansion of molecular targets, and standard preclinical studies required for submission of an Investigational New Drug application to the FDA.

Publications

Immunization-Elicited Broadly Protective Antibody Reveals Ebolavirus Fusion Loop as a Site of Vulnerability.  Zhao X, Howell KA, He S, Brannan JM, Wec AZ, Davidson E, Turner HL, Chiang CI, Lei L, Fels JM, Vu H, Shulenin S, Turonis AN, Kuehne AI, Liu G, Ta M, Wang Y, Sundling C, Xiao Y, Spence JS, Doranz BJ, Holtsberg FW, Ward AB, Chandran K, Dye JM, Qiu X, Li Y, Aman MJ.  Cell. 2017 May 18;169(5):891-904.e15. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.04.038.

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Cooperativity Enables Non-neutralizing Antibodies to Neutralize Ebolavirus.  Howell KA, Brannan JM, Bryan C, McNeal A, Davidson E, Turner HL, Vu H, Shulenin S, He S, Kuehne A, Herbert AS, Qiu X, Doranz BJ, Holtsberg FW, Ward AB, Dye JM, Aman MJ.  Cell Rep. 2017 Apr 11;19(2):413-424. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.03.049.

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Protective efficacy of a novel alpha hemolysin subunit vaccine (AT62) against Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections.  Adhikari RP, Thompson CD, Aman MJ, Lee JC.  Vaccine. 2016 Dec 7;34(50):6402-6407. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.09.061. Epub 2016 Nov 12.
 

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Safety and Immunogenicity of a Parenterally Administered, Structure-Based Rationally Modified Recombinant Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B Protein Vaccine, STEBVax. Chen WH, Pasetti MF, Adhikari RP, Baughman H, Douglas R, El-Khorazaty J, Greenberg N, Holtsberg FW, Liao GC, Reymann MK, Wang X, Warfield KL, Aman MJ. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2016 Dec 5;23(12):918-925. Print 2016 Dec.
 

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A "Trojan Horse" Bispecific Antibody Strategy for Broad Protection against Ebolaviruses. Wec, A.Z. Nyakatura, E.K. Herbert, A.S. Howell, K.A. Holtsberg, F.W. Bakken, R.R. Mittler, E. Christin, J.R. Shulenin, S. Jangra, R.K. Bharrhan, S. Kuehne, A.I. Bornholdt, Z.A. Flyak, A.I. Saphire, E. Crowe Jr., J.E. Aman, M.J. Dye, J.M. Lai, J.R. Chandran, K. (2016) Science 8(2016). doi: 10.1126/science.aag3267

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Feverish Quest for Ebola Immunotherapy: Straight or Cocktail?  Aman, M.J. Saphire, EO. (2016) Trends Microbiol 10(1016). pii: SD966-842X(16)30049-X

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Zika Virus: A New Animal Model for an Arbovirus.  Aman, M.J. Kashanchi, F. (2016) PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(5): e0004702. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004702

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Virus-Like Particle Vaccination Protects Nonhuman Primates from Lethal Aerosol Exposure with Marburgvirus (VLP Vaccination Protects Macaques against Aerosol Challenges).  Dye JM, Warfield KL, Wells JB, Unfer RC, Shulenin S, Vu H, Nichols DK, Aman MJ, Bavari S. Viruses. 2016 Apr 8;8(4). pii: E94. doi: 10.3390/v8040094

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Antibody Treatment of Ebola and Sudan Virus Infection via a Uniquely Exposed Epitope within the Glycoprotein Receptor-Binding Site.  Howell KA, Qiu X, Brannan JM, Bryan C, Davidson E, Holtsberg FW, Wec AZ, Shulenin S, Biggins JE, Douglas R, Enterlein SG, Turner HL, Pallesen J, Murin CD, He S, Kroeker K, Vu H, Herbert AS, Fusco ML, Nyakatura EK, Lai JR, Keck ZY, Foung SKH, Saphire EO, Zeitlin L, Ward AB, Chandran K, Doranz BJ, Kobinger GP, Dye JM, Aman MJ. (2016) Cell Reports 15, 1–13.

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Monoclonal antibody therapy for Junin virus infection.  Zeitlin L, Geisbert JB, Deer DJ, Fenton KA, Bohorov O, Bohorova N, Goodman C, Kim D, Hiatt A, Pauly MH, Velasco J, Whaley KJ, Altmann F, Gruber C, Steinkellner H, Honko AN, Kuehne AI, Aman MJ, Sahandi S, Enterlein S, Zhan X, Enria D, Geisbert TW. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Apr 19;113(16):4458-63.

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Aman MJ, Chasing Ebola through the Endosomal Labyrinth:, MBio, 2016, 7(2):e00346-16

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Holtsberg et al., Pan-ebolavirus and Pan-filovirus Mouse Monoclonal Antibodies: Protection against Ebola and Sudan Viruses, J Virol, 2014

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Keck et al., Macaque Monoclonal Antibodies Targeting Novel Conserved Epitopes within Filovirus Glycoprotein, J Virol, 2014

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Adhikari et al., Antibodies to S. aureus LukS-PV Attenuated Subunit Vaccine Neutralize a Broad Spectrum of Canonical and Non-Canonical Bicomponent Leukotoxin Pairs, PLoS One, 2015

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Fusco et al., Protective mAbs and Cross-Reactive mAbs Raised by Immunization with Engineered Marburg Virus GPs, PLoS Pathog, 2015

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Warfield et al., Homologous and heterologous protection of nonhuman primates by Ebola and Sudan virus-like particles, PLoS One, 2015

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Sully et al., A tripartite cocktail of chimeric monoclonal antibodies passively protects mice against ricin, staphylococcal enterotoxin B and Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin, Toxicon, 2014

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Warfield et al., Vaccinating captive chimpanzees to save wild chimpanzees, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2014

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Aman and Adhikari, Staphylococcal bicomponent pore-forming toxins: targets for prophylaxis and immunotherapy, Toxins, 2014

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Karauzum et al., Structurally designed attenuated subunit vaccines for S. aureus LukS-PV and LukF-PV confer protection in a mouse bacteremia model, PLoS One, 2013

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Adhikari et al., Lower antibody levels to Staphylococcus aureus exotoxins are associated with sepsis in hospitalized adults with invasive S. aureus infections, J Infect Dis, 2012

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Adhikari et al., Novel structurally designed vaccine for S. aureus α-hemolysin: protection against bacteremia and pneumonia, PLoS One, 2012.

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